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双语典故:Leaving a Seat Vacant 02.19 [复制链接]

Rank: 8Rank: 8

发表于 2013-4-26 16:53:07 |显示全部楼层
  In the Warring States Period Lord Xinling of the State of Wei invited Hou Ying, a virtuous and able man, to join his household as one of his clients. Hou Ying was over 70 years old. He and his family were very poor, and he himself was an official of low rank who was in charge of the city gate of Daliang, the Wei capital. The first invitation was refused, but when Lord Xinhng himself drove his carriage, leaving the seat of honor empty, to Hou Ying's house, the latter had no choice but to accept. Wearing his shabbiest clothes, Hou Ying seated himself in the vacant place without even one polite word.
    On the way back Hou Ying insisted on visiting his friend, a butcher named Zhu Hai. Hou Ying expected Lord Xinling to be annoyed at being left waiting for him in the carriage, but his new patron showed no displeasure.
  The same year the State of Qin besieged the State of Zhao's capital, Handan, and the king of Wei sent Commander Jin Bi with 100,000 troops to help Zhao. Thereupon, the king of Qin sent envoys to threaten the king of Wei and get him to order Jin Bi to halt, which he did.
  Again and again Lord Xinling pleaded with the king of Wei to order Jin Bi to advance, but all in vain. Then Hou Ying advised Lord Xinling: "If only you had the Commander's Seal ,which is bestowed only by the king himself ,you could take Jin Bi's place and lead his troops to the help of Zhao." He suggested that the king's favorite concubine be induced to steal the seal.
    The plot worked and Lord Xinling prepared to set out with the seal for Jin Bi's camp. Just before he left, Hou Ying advised him to take his friend Zhu Hai, the butcher, along with him. Lord Xinling could not understand what use the butcher could be to him, but he did as Hou Ying bid.
  When Lord Xinling showed him the seal and announced that he was going to take charge of the army, Jin Bi demurred and refused to believe that the king had ordered any such action. But before he could have Lord Xinling arrested, Zhu Hai pulled a hammer from his sleeve, leapt forward and slew Jin Bi.
  With the help of the Commander's Seal, Lord Xinling selected 80,000 crack troops, defeated Qin's armies and saved Zhao.
  战国时,魏国的信陵君为人忠厚、仁爱,对门客都以谦逊的态度对待。当时,信陵君听说大梁城门的守门官七十岁老人侯嬴是个贤人,家境贫穷,便派人带着大量财宝,前去聘请他。但是,侯嬴并不接受。
  信陵君知道自己怠慢了高人。于是便让人驾车,亲自前去迎接侯嬴。还把车上最好的位置留给侯嬴。侯嬴故意穿上破衣服,毫不客气地坐在空位上,一句谦让的话也没说。
    马车行到中途,侯嬴又忽然提出要去探访一位屠夫朋友朱亥。他在朋友那里故意拖延时间,要看信陵君的反应,但信陵君一片和颜悦色。
  这年,秦国围攻赵都邯郸,魏国派大将晋鄙率军十万前去救赵。为此秦王派使者威胁魏王。魏王忙命晋鄙大军留在路上,不再前进。
  信陵君多次恳求魏王让晋鄙发兵,魏王终是不肯。侯嬴给信陵君出主意说:“只要派人偷取大王的兵符,便可假传命令,要晋鄙出兵了。”接着,侯嬴又给信陵君出主意,叫他去找大王的宠妃如姬,让她去偷大王的兵符。
    信陵君拿到了兵符,便想马上出发。侯嬴提醒他说:“你把我的屠夫朋友朱亥带上,以防万一。”
  信陵君带着朱亥来到大军驻扎地。晋鄙见了兵符怀疑说:“大王既叫我暂不前进,又怎会随便叫你替代我呢?”晋鄙的话音刚落,朱亥从袖里拿出四十斤重的大铁锥来,一下就把晋鄙打死了。
  信陵君高举兵符,筛选了八万精兵,打败了秦军,解救了赵国。
  To wait for someone for whom one has the greatest respect.
  空着位置等候。
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